"Strategic Planning in the Construction Sector: A Proposed Model for the Strategic Plan to Adopt BIM in Syria." Research Summary: Comprehensive strategic planning for the Syrian state is an inevitable necessity to address the catastrophic effects of the war that the country has suffered from, and its effects are still ongoing in light of government incapacity and gross failure that has affected all economic, industrial, and scientific aspects. This is reflected in the global development and knowledge indicators. Therefore, the Syrian state must adopt comprehensive planning concepts and strive to make knowledge its primary destination to create a strong economy and a strong industry ready for the upcoming reconstruction phase. It should adopt modern administrative concepts, cognitive and engineering sciences, and seek to incorporate them into its plans. Building Information Modeling (BIM) modeling may occupy the forefront of these sciences due to its great importance in transferring Syrian engineering work in the construction sector to advanced countries. Therefore, the study presented in its chapters the concepts of comprehensive planning and strategic planning on the one hand, and BIM modeling on the other hand, through analyzing and comparing current strategies to adopt BIM technology and the most important global trends and experiences, and identifying the most important obstacles and challenges that faced it. Then, the current situation of BIM technology was studied and analyzed, exploring the extent of its spread in the Syrian construction industry, with the aim of formulating a framework for integrating BIM modeling technology effectively within the life cycle of engineering projects in Syria, and proposing a strategic plan to adopt BIM in Syria. As a result, the research produced a set of findings throughout its chapters as follows: In chapter two, a model was constructed to integrate government plans that contribute to achieving the BIM plan. This was done through a comprehensive study of planning and strategic planning, as well as an examination of the reality of planning and the various government plans in Syria, which revealed weaknesses in both the planning mechanism and plan implementation mechanisms. In chapter three, a comprehensive study was conducted on the current situation of BIM adoption in Syria, and the problems and difficulties that hinder its implementation. The BIM maturity matrix was applied to companies in both the public and private sectors, revealing weaknesses in both sectors in terms of BIM adoption, despite the private sector's superiority in most areas. Based on this, a SWOT analysis was conducted on the current situation in Syria regarding BIM adoption, which indicated strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. In chapter four, a proposed framework was developed for implementing the strategic plan for BIM adoption in Syria. This resulted in a roadmap for BIM adoption in Syria from the beginning of 2023 until the end of 2030. In chapter five, the plan was practically applied to a performance management program called BSC DESIGNER, resulting in a strong and robust performance management system for implementing the strategic plan according to a timeline from the beginning of 2023 until the end of 2030. This research is a bold attempt by the researcher to complement various sciences within a comprehensive strategic planning framework. This research aims to reach decision-makers and help put Syria on the global BIM map by translating the plan's vocabulary and goals into practical reality that contributes to shaping the future of the construction industry in Syria. This study recommends coordination and cooperation between decision-makers and stakeholders in the construction sector to implement the proposed BIM adoption strategy through its four axes (policies, technologies, processes, knowledge, and skills) and secure financial support. Keywords: strategic planning, comprehensive planning, building information modeling, performance management, engineering projects, BIM adoption plan, Syria.
We train and test five open-source taggers, which use different methods, on three Swedish corpora, which are of comparable size but use different tagsets. The KB-Bert tagger achieves the highest accuracy for part-of-speech and morphological tagging, while being fast enough for practical use. We also compare the performance across tagsets and across different genres in one of the corpora. We perform manual error analysis and perform a statistical analysis of factors which affect how difficult specific tags are. Finally, we test ensemble methods, showing that a small (but not significant) improvement over the best-performing tagger can be achieved.
The aim of the research was to clarify the pre-processing steps required for satellite images before starting to analyze and extract data from them using the ENVI program. Radiometric and topographic correction applied to the Landsat image 2017, an d then we calculated the NDVI index for this image before and after applying pre-processing. The results showed a difference in the spectral values of the image before and after the radiometric correction, especially in near infrared band. The reflection values were recorded in the original image between (40-50) and (300-3500) in the corrected image. The difference in the reflection values after the topographical correction was also visible on the near- infrared and infrared bands, especially in the points where shadows of the terrain. Differences in the values of NDVI for 2017 were observed before and after the application of pre-processing on the image, especially in points of good and very good vegetation coverage with high values of the index. The study concluded that it is important to follow the minimum number of steps required for preprocessing steps in order to avoid unnecessary steps and recommend well tested, readily available, and adequately documented data approaches and data products.
Tourism and Strategic Planning: Learning from the Chinese Province of Hainan to Improve the Syrian Coastal Region
This paper is an analytical study of tourism plans of China’s Hainan Province and the Syrian coastal region before the Syrian war commenced in 2011. It compares the two types of tourism (in the Mediterranean and the Asia Pacific) and concludes with a n integrated model of successful regional tourism. The focus is on strategic plans of the last two decades and how they facilitate tourism, specifically, how strategic plans can be translated into sustainable tourism development projects in both regions. The strategic plan in the Chinese case considers environmental, economic, institutional, and social characteristics of tourism development, which determines the necessary infrastructure and environment for the further development of tourism. This is contrasted with the absence of such a strategy in the case of Syria. Data were drawn from in-depth interviews, field observations, and document analysis. Qualitative research techniques were used to analyze the available data and to form a detailed description of the past, present, and future potential for tourism in the two regions. The study measures transportation, land use/land cover patterns, tourism and tourism development, urban development, and strategic plans. It applied the lessons learned from Chinese tourism innovations in Hainan to propose an executive plan for sustainable tourism development in the Syrian coastal region once the present war has ended. This requires the active participation of all relevant stakeholders from almost every domain despite differing interests. It further requires improving the integration of three separate developmental factors (social, environmental, and economic) as complementary rather than conflicting elements. Keywords; Syrian coastal region, Syria, Hainan province, China, strategic plans, development, policy, planning.
This study aims to reveal the educational values contained in my book to my native Grades V and VI of the Basic Education has identified the problem of the study the following question: What are the educational values embodied in my book for my f ifth and sixth of basic education for grades in Syria as the study tried to answer some questions relating to values that was repeated more than other less frequent and values, as well as the distribution of the types of values in the books mentioned.
أثر المسؤولية الاجتماعية للشركات على الالتزام التنظيمي للعاملين فيها و الدور الوسيط للثقة التنظيمية دراسة على قطاع المصارف الخاصة في سورريا
تعتبر المسؤولية الاجتماعية للمؤسسات واحدة من الموضوعات التي تحتل مساحة واسعة من النقاش في عالم الأعمال الذي يمتاز بالتنافسية العالية.
The impact of the sources of organizational power on job stress In public banking institutions in Syria Applied to Popular Credit Bank
The aim of this Search, is to study the impact of organizational power sources on work pressures, in public banking institutions in Syria, applied to popular Credit Bank, through an analytical descriptive approach that depends on books, research, Sci entific journals in the theoretical side, in the practical side we applied Practical case in the popular Credit Bank where a field observation was carried out in one of the branches of the Popular Credit Bank, which is the branch of 29 th of May in Damascus, in the period from 10/5/2017 to 10/6/2017about Search dimensions. Then we have completed work, through an in-depth interview, on 17/6/2017 with the Assistant Director General of the Bank, in his office at the General Administration in Damascus, about the most important aspects related to the sources of organizational power and work pressures, and the nature of the relationship between them in Popular Credit Bank, then We designed a questionnaire based on previous studies, and download it on a website and distribute it electronically, by sending the link of participation to employees, through social media, Facebook and Watts up, For randomly chosen workers.
The Effect of Strategic Orientation of Organization on Decision-making A Case Study on Telecommunications Companies in the Syrian Arab Republic
هدفت الد ا رسة إلى معرفة الآتي: -1 درجة تطبيق التوجه نحو العملاء في شركات الاتصالات السورية؟ -2 درجة تطبيق التوجه نحو المنافسين في شركات الاتصالات السورية؟ -3 درجة تطبيق التوجه نحو الإبداع في شركات الاتصالات السورية؟ -4 درجة تطبيق التوجه نحو التك نولوجيا في شركات الاتصالات السورية؟ -5 واقع صنع القرارات في شركات الاتصالات السورية؟ -6 أثر أبعاد التوجه الاستراتيجي على صناعة القرارات في شركات الاتصالات السورية؟ -7 دلالة الفروق في أبعاد التوجه الاستراتيجي وفق متغير المستوى الإداري . -8 دلالة الفروق في عملية صناعة القرارات وفق متغير المستوى الإداري .
Syria has suffered in the ancient history of the many conflicts that have at home, and represents a conflict between the Persian Empire and the Byzantine Empire one of the most important and longest of these conflicts that have to control the most important cities such as Damascus and Edessa and Akadds.othml Arabs living there the horrors of those conflicts and suffered a lot, the Persian Empire has taken Arabs in Iraq Manathira shield shielding them Byzantines attacks as well as from the Byzantines took Ghassanid living in Syria shield shielding them Persians attacks and have been associated with them Bohlav and treaties. This situation continued until the Muslim conquest of Syria where he entered in the first Arab-Islamic state.
أثر بعض الأساليب الترويجية في تحقيق الميزة التنافسية ( دراسة ميدانية – المؤسسة العامة للاتصالات في سوريا)
This research aims to identify the impact of promotional methods (advertising) is one of the most important means and strategies to achieve competitive advantage in Syrian communications.